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必威官网西汉姆联:无障碍扶手如何规范安装

来源:http://www.jnndjc.com 日期:2021-11-11 发布人:nsadmin
安全抓杆和安全扶手简称抓杆和扶手,是最常用的无障碍扶手设施设备。
Safety grab bar and safety handrail are the most commonly used barrier free handrail facilities and equipment.
抓杆扶手可以分为两类,第一类是步行辅助扶手,第二类是动作辅助扶手。步行辅助扶手一般设在走道、楼梯等处,使用者扶握扶手滑动前行、扶手是辅助人们安全移动的工具,譬如无障碍通道内设置的连续水平扶手。而动作辅助扶手一般设在卫生间、洗浴间等处,使用者紧握扶手用力支撑,帮助他们站立、坐下或者保持身体的特定姿势,譬如无障碍卫生间内常见的L型扶手、坐便器旁的固定或折叠扶手等。
Grab bar handrails can be divided into two categories: the first is walking auxiliary handrail and the second is action auxiliary handrail. Walking auxiliary handrails are generally set in walkways, stairs, etc. users hold the handrails and slide forward. Handrails are tools to assist people to move safely, such as continuous horizontal handrails set in barrier free passages. The motion auxiliary handrail is generally set in the toilet, bathroom, etc. users hold the handrail and support it hard to help them stand, sit down or maintain a specific posture of their body, such as the common L-shaped handrail in the barrier free toilet, the fixed or folded handrail next to the toilet, etc.
济南无障碍扶手
在实际无障碍工程中,我们发现很多扶手或抓杆固定不够牢固,特别是承受侧方施力的性能很差,稍微用力摇晃就容易松动损坏。究其原因:
In the actual barrier free project, we found that many handrails or grab rods are not fixed firmly enough, especially the performance of bearing lateral force is very poor, and it is easy to loosen and damage if shaking with a little force. The reasons are as follows:
一方面是相关无障碍规范的规定比较笼统、不够细致,也缺乏相应的检测依据。譬如,无障碍设计规范中对抓杆扶手的荷载承受能力没有给出具体数值要求,也有相关无障碍技术指南中虽然进一步对扶手的受力强度进行了规定,要求“扶手应安装坚固,且应能承受100KG 以上的重量”,但是并没有对扶手的侧面受力进行说明,使人很容易忽略扶手对侧面受力的要求。
On the one hand, the provisions of relevant accessibility specifications are relatively general and not detailed enough, and there is also a lack of corresponding testing basis. For example, there is no specific numerical requirement for the load bearing capacity of grab bar handrail in the accessibility design code. Although the stress strength of handrail is further specified in the relevant accessibility technical guide, which requires that "handrail shall be firmly installed and can bear the weight of more than 100kg", there is no description on the side stress of handrail, It is easy to ignore the requirements of handrail on side force.
另一方面是设计、施工人员对相关无障碍规范和无障碍理念的意义缺乏了解,特别是对残障人士的生理和生活特点不了解,在进行无障碍产品安装固定时的安全意识淡薄。此外,相比国外无障碍设施设备,我国特别是在无障碍卫生间、淋浴间的工业化装配方面的工业化程度相对低,无障碍产品种类少,尚未形成有机、完整的无障碍产品产业链条,造成缺少相应的产品,并且无障碍产品的安装也缺少相应的技术标准。
On the other hand, the designers and constructors lack understanding of the significance of relevant accessibility specifications and accessibility concepts, especially the physiological and living characteristics of the disabled, and their safety awareness when installing and fixing barrier free products is weak. In addition, compared with foreign barrier free facilities and equipment, China, especially in the industrial assembly of barrier free toilets and showers, has a relatively low degree of industrialization, few types of barrier free products, and has not formed an organic and complete barrier free product industrial chain, resulting in the lack of corresponding products, and the installation of barrier free products also lacks corresponding technical standards.
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必威官网西汉姆联

必威官网西汉姆联

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